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Opencart 4.X

Opencart is one of the most popular open source e-commerce CMS used by merchants to sell their products online. It uses PHP and follows the MVC(Model-View-Controller) structure.

On 24th May 2022, opencart version 4.0.0.0 was released. It majorly seems like opencart 3.x.x.x but some major changes are introduced within this release which is listed below:


Opencart-4 Requirement Changes:

  • PHP version: 4.0.0.0 supports the PHP version 8.0+.
  • PHP extensions: For 4.0.0.0 below PHP extensions are needed: Database, GD, cURL, OpenSSL, ZLIB, ZIP


Opencart-4 Admin Changes:

Toggled checkboxes & radio buttons: In opencart-4 checkboxes & radio buttons are toggled which looks more beautiful compared to earlier versions.
Brighter Icons & Buttons: Icons & Buttons are more clear & bright in opencart-4 in comparison to previous versions.
 
“admin” directory rename option: “admin” directory rename option is available in the latest version(4) of opencart. It provides more security to your opencart instance.

Availability of “CKeditor”: Ckeditor is again available in the opencart-4.
Cron Jobs: Cron jobs feature is available in opencart-4 version. You can create cron jobs for scheduling tasks.
More organized store settings: In opencart-4 store settings have the collapsible view and this collapsible view makes store settings more neat & clean in comparison to the previous versions. 
Variant Product: Opencart-4 provides the new feature “variant product” by which you can create new child products based on a parent product and also you can link their stock quantities. Child/Variant products can use the parent product information or hold their own information.


Code Changes:

Separate folder for 3rd party extensions: In opencart-4 all the 3rd  party extensions existed in a separate folder “extension”.

AJAX forms: In opencart-4 all forms are using AJAX.

Namespace for controllers and models: We have to define the namespace in the controller and model file to tell at which path the controller and model classes exist.
Route Changes: In opencart previous versions controller functions are accessed through backslash(“/”) while in opencart-4 controller function can be accessed by pipe(“|”) separator.
Bootstrap version-5:  To design the opencart view bootstrap-5 classes are used within the opencart-4 view files.

OCMOD removed: Opencart-4 doesn’t support the OCMOD. The changes done by OCMOD in opencart previous versions can be done by opencart-4 events.

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